E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal

Samah A. Elkady, Wageh S. Darwish, Ahmad E. Tharwat, Mahmoud A. Said, Dalia E. ElAtriby, Marwa M. Seliem, Ahmed E. Alfifi, Waleed R. El-Ghareeb, Lamiaa M. Reda, Tamer M. Gad.


Abstract
Background:
Camels are important animals in Egypt and other Arab countries on the basis of the economic value and ethnic culture. E. coli is implicated in several gastrointestinal infections and outbreaks worldwide, especially in developing counties. It causes infections that might lead to death. Numerous biological activities, such as antioxidative, antibacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-mutagenic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and diuretic, are associated with coriander and coriander essential oils.
Aim:
This work targeted investigation of the prevalence, antibiogram, and occurrence of virulence genes of E. coli in camel meat liver, and kidney. Besides, the anti-E. coli activity of coriander oil was further examined.
Methods:
Camel meat, liver and kidneys were collected from local markets of Egypt. Isolation and identification of E. coli were performed. Antimicrobial susceptibility of the obtained E. coli isolates was screened using the disk diffusion assay. To detect presence of virulence-associated genes (stx1, stx2, eaeA and hylA gens), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used. Experimental trial was done to investigate the anti-E. coli activity of coriander oil.
Results:
The obtained results revealed isolation of the following E. coli pathotypes: O17:H18, O128:H2, O119:H6, O103:H4, O145:H-, and O121:H7. The recovered E. coli isolates practiced multidrug resistance profiling with higher resistance towards Erythromycin, Nalidixic Acid, Clindamycin, and Ampicillin. But the isolates were sensitive to Meropenem, Cefoxitin. The recovered isolates had expressed different virulence attributes. Coriander oil 2% could significantly reduce E. coli O128 count in camel meat by 65%.
Conclusion:
Therefore, strict hygienic measures are highly recommended during processing of camel meat. The use of coriander oil during camel meat processing is highly recommended to reduce E. coli count.

Key words: Camel meat, Edible offal, E. coli, Antibiotic resistance, Shiga-toxin


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Elkady SA, Darwish WS, Tharwat AE, Said MA, ElAtriby DE, Seliem MM, Alfifi AE, El-Ghareeb WR, Reda LM, Gad TM. Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52


Web Style

Elkady SA, Darwish WS, Tharwat AE, Said MA, ElAtriby DE, Seliem MM, Alfifi AE, El-Ghareeb WR, Reda LM, Gad TM. Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=188382 [Access: June 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elkady SA, Darwish WS, Tharwat AE, Said MA, ElAtriby DE, Seliem MM, Alfifi AE, El-Ghareeb WR, Reda LM, Gad TM. Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elkady SA, Darwish WS, Tharwat AE, Said MA, ElAtriby DE, Seliem MM, Alfifi AE, El-Ghareeb WR, Reda LM, Gad TM. Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited June 03, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52



Harvard Style

Elkady, S. A., Darwish, . W. S., Tharwat, . A. E., Said, . M. A., ElAtriby, . D. E., Seliem, . M. M., Alfifi, . A. E., El-Ghareeb, . W. R., Reda, . L. M. & Gad, . T. M. (2024) Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52



Turabian Style

Elkady, Samah A., Wageh S. Darwish, Ahmad E. Tharwat, Mahmoud A. Said, Dalia E. ElAtriby, Marwa M. Seliem, Ahmed E. Alfifi, Waleed R. El-Ghareeb, Lamiaa M. Reda, and Tamer M. Gad. 2024. Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52



Chicago Style

Elkady, Samah A., Wageh S. Darwish, Ahmad E. Tharwat, Mahmoud A. Said, Dalia E. ElAtriby, Marwa M. Seliem, Ahmed E. Alfifi, Waleed R. El-Ghareeb, Lamiaa M. Reda, and Tamer M. Gad. "Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elkady, Samah A., Wageh S. Darwish, Ahmad E. Tharwat, Mahmoud A. Said, Dalia E. ElAtriby, Marwa M. Seliem, Ahmed E. Alfifi, Waleed R. El-Ghareeb, Lamiaa M. Reda, and Tamer M. Gad. "Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 571-576. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elkady, S. A., Darwish, . W. S., Tharwat, . A. E., Said, . M. A., ElAtriby, . D. E., Seliem, . M. M., Alfifi, . A. E., El-Ghareeb, . W. R., Reda, . L. M. & Gad, . T. M. (2024) Prevalence and antibiogram of shigatoxin-producing E. coli in camel meat and offal. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 571-576. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.52