E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains

Heba M. Kamouh, Ghada A. Kirrella, Saleh Shafik, Nader Y. Mostafa.


Abstract
Background: Around the world, poultry meat is a staple of everyday meals. But chicken flesh isn't always as healthy as it looks since it becomes contaminated by pollutants from the environment, especially heavy metals, which can bioaccumulate and magnifies, and endanger human health.
Aim: The current investigation set out to evaluate the degree of contamination in a subset of chicken samples and the potential risks to human health associated with ingestion of chicken meat.
Methods: Using atomic absorption spectroscopy, the heavy metal (lead, cadmium, and copper) contents of chicken samples were evaluated. To assess the residual content, 100 samples of chicken meat, 25 of each from the breast, thigh, gizzard, and liver were randomly selected from chicken butchers in Kafr El-Sheikh and El-Gharbia governorate in Egypt.
Results: Lead had mean values of 0.27 ± 0.01, 0.34 ± 0.01, 0.55 ± 0.01 and 0.61 ± 0.02 (mg/kg ww), in the examined breast, thigh, gizzards, and liver, respectively. Cadmium, on the other hand, had mean levels (mg/kg ww) of 0.09 ± 0.01, 0.12 ± 0.01, 0.18 ± 0.01 and 0.25 ± 0.01 in the same samples, respectively. The copper residues had mean values (mg/kg ww) of 1.53 ± 0.14, 1.69 ± 0.16, 2.05 ± 0.17, and 2.71 ± 0.22, in the same samples, respectively.
Conclusion: Further government efforts are required to reduce environmental pollution and enhance the quality of the El-Gharbia governorate in order to prevent the accumulation of heavy metals, even though the majority of the samples that were examined fell within the acceptable limits established by the Egyptian Organization for Standardization and Quality Control.

Key words: Heavy metals, Chicken flesh, Health risks, Reduction


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kamouh HM, Kirrella GA, Shafik S, Mostafa NY, . Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51


Web Style

Kamouh HM, Kirrella GA, Shafik S, Mostafa NY, . Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=182432 [Access: June 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kamouh HM, Kirrella GA, Shafik S, Mostafa NY, . Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kamouh HM, Kirrella GA, Shafik S, Mostafa NY, . Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited June 03, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51



Harvard Style

Kamouh, H. M., Kirrella, G. A., Shafik, S., Mostafa, N. Y. & (2024) Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51



Turabian Style

Kamouh, Heba M., Ghada A. Kirrella, Saleh Shafik, Nader Y. Mostafa, and . 2024. Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51



Chicago Style

Kamouh, Heba M., Ghada A. Kirrella, Saleh Shafik, Nader Y. Mostafa, and . "Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kamouh, Heba M., Ghada A. Kirrella, Saleh Shafik, Nader Y. Mostafa, and . "Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 564-570. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kamouh, H. M., Kirrella, G. A., Shafik, S., Mostafa, N. Y. & (2024) Heavy metals load in chicken meat and its reduction by probiotic strains. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 564-570. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.51