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Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats

O. El-Tookhy1,* and M. Tharwat2.


Abstract
This study was carried out to describe the ultrasonographic findings in relation to the clinical symptoms of some common ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Fifty animals (32 goats and 18 sheep) with different ocular problems were examined. Ultrasonographic examination was performed using a B-mode ocular ultrasound unit, and the structure of the globe was evaluated at a depth of 4-6 cm. Early cases (n=35, 70%) showed varying ocular conditions; hypopyon, (n=8, 16%), stromal abscesses, (n=4, 8%), and anterior uveitis (n=23, 46%). Hypopyon appeared clinically as a white or yellowish material in the anterior chamber, and ultrasonographically as a hyperechoic mass in the anterior chamber. Severe iridocyclitis was noticed in acute cases of infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) accompanied by blepharospasm, photophobia, excessive tearing and eyelid margin crust formation. Ultrasonographically, the pupil appeared constricted with increased hyperechoic thickening of the ciliary body. In chronic cases of IKC, corneal pigmentation (n=5, 10%) and cataract (n=10, 20%) were seen. Ultrasonographically the type and degree of cataract were diagnosed. The present study provides an inside view of the inner ocular structures during the course of certain eye diseases where ophthalmoscopic examination is not possible. Our findings, although preliminary, are relevant for the more complete diagnosis of certain external ocular conditions in sheep and goat herds.

Key words: Eye, Goat, Ocular, Sheep, Ultrasound.


 
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Pubmed Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Open Vet J. 2013; 3(1): 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11


Web Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=302656869 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Open Vet J. 2013; 3(1): 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Open Vet J. (2013), [cited February 13, 2024]; 3(1): 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11



Harvard Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat (2013) Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Open Vet J, 3 (1), 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11



Turabian Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. 2013. Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Open Veterinary Journal, 3 (1), 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11



Chicago Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. "Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats." Open Veterinary Journal 3 (2013), 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat. "Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats." Open Veterinary Journal 3.1 (2013), 11-16. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

O. El-Tookhy, and M. Tharwat (2013) Clinical and ultrasonographic findings of some ocular conditions in sheep and goats. Open Veterinary Journal, 3 (1), 11-16. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i1.p11