E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection

Josep Brocal , Fernando Ribas del R o, Alejandro Luján Feliu Pascual.


Cited By:11

Abstract
Background:
Discospondylitis is an infection of the intervertebral disc and adjacent vertebral endplates. The infectious agent is most commonly a bacterial organism and fungal causes are uncommon.
Case Description:
A 1,5-year-old female entire pug was referred with a 6-week history of right head tilt and progressive non-ambulatory paraparesis. On neurological examination, right facial paralysis and mid and caudal lumbar pain were also detected. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography of the head and spine were performed three weeks apart. Findings were consistent with osteolysis of the petrous temporal bone and L2-L3 and L5-L6 vertebral subluxation caused by discospondylitis and osteomyelitis. Disseminated aspergillosis was diagnosed following biopsy and stabilization using an external skeletal spinal fixator. Voriconazol was administered as a medical treatment after surgery. The dog died three months later without failure of the construct.
Conclusion:
To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report using an external fixator for fungal and lumbar discospondylitis. The use of an ESSF should be considered when choosing the surgical technique.

Key words: aspergillus, discospondylitis, dog, external fixation, cytology


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

JB, o FRdR, Pascual ALF, . Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . Open Vet J. 2019; 9(3): 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1


Web Style

JB, o FRdR, Pascual ALF, . Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=27990 [Access: July 13, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

JB, o FRdR, Pascual ALF, . Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . Open Vet J. 2019; 9(3): 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

JB, o FRdR, Pascual ALF, . Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . Open Vet J. (2019), [cited July 13, 2024]; 9(3): 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1



Harvard Style

, J. B., o, F. R. d. R., Pascual, A. . . L. F. & (2019) Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . Open Vet J, 9 (3), 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1



Turabian Style

, Josep Brocal, Fernando Ribas del R o, Alejandro Luján Feliu Pascual, and . 2019. Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . Open Veterinary Journal, 9 (3), 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1



Chicago Style

, Josep Brocal, Fernando Ribas del R o, Alejandro Luján Feliu Pascual, and . "Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection ." Open Veterinary Journal 9 (2019), 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Josep Brocal, Fernando Ribas del R o, Alejandro Luján Feliu Pascual, and . "Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection ." Open Veterinary Journal 9.3 (2019), 185-189. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, J. B., o, F. R. d. R., Pascual, A. . . L. F. & (2019) Diagnosis and management of lumbar Aspergillus spp. discospondylitis using intraoperative cytology and external stabilization in a dog with disseminated infection . Open Veterinary Journal, 9 (3), 185-189. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i3.1