E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities

Irene Nocera, Valentina Vitale, Giuseppe Conte, Micaela Sgorbini, Giovanni Barsotti.


Abstract
Background:
Higher education attempts to ameliorate learning experience through match between learning subjects and students' learning styles.
Aim:
This study evaluates efficacy of three different instructional modalities aimed at teaching veterinary students how to make simple suture knots.
Methods:
A cohort of 43 fourth-year students were split into 3 groups and provided with different instructional modalities: presentation with pictures and descriptions, hard copy text, and muted video. Student’s surgical simulation performance was evaluated. Then, they answered a 23 question-survey, Fleming VARK questionnaire based, investigating their learning profile. Kruskal Wallis test evaluated different instructional modalities effect on student’s performance. Chi square test assessed differences between instructional modalities and learning profiles, profile self evaluation, and training session comprehension.
Results:
Students shown auditory unimodal VARK profile (16/43), did not know their learning profile (26/43), and favoured personalised teaching strategies (43/43). No differences were found for: surgical performance, except for forceps handling; and between instructional modalities: either for learning profiles (p-value=0.43), or profile self evaluation (p-value=0.42). Differences were found between instructional modalities and training session comprehension. As limitations, auditory instructional modalities, participants’ age and gender were not recorded or evaluated.
Conclusion:
Our study provides feedback on modern teaching modalities in which students play a kye role. Participants showed a variety of learning profiles although displaying no significant performance differences.

Key words: Learning styles, Veterinary students, Higher education, VARK


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nocera I, Vitale V, Conte G, Sgorbini M, Barsotti G. Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(5): 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3


Web Style

Nocera I, Vitale V, Conte G, Sgorbini M, Barsotti G. Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=181753 [Access: July 12, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nocera I, Vitale V, Conte G, Sgorbini M, Barsotti G. Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(5): 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nocera I, Vitale V, Conte G, Sgorbini M, Barsotti G. Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited July 12, 2024]; 14(5): 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3



Harvard Style

Nocera, I., Vitale, . V., Conte, . G., Sgorbini, . M. & Barsotti, . G. (2024) Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. Open Vet J, 14 (5), 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3



Turabian Style

Nocera, Irene, Valentina Vitale, Giuseppe Conte, Micaela Sgorbini, and Giovanni Barsotti. 2024. Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (5), 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3



Chicago Style

Nocera, Irene, Valentina Vitale, Giuseppe Conte, Micaela Sgorbini, and Giovanni Barsotti. "Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nocera, Irene, Valentina Vitale, Giuseppe Conte, Micaela Sgorbini, and Giovanni Barsotti. "Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities." Open Veterinary Journal 14.5 (2024), 1103-1110. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nocera, I., Vitale, . V., Conte, . G., Sgorbini, . M. & Barsotti, . G. (2024) Evaluation of veterinary students’ suture performance according to three different instructional modalities. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (5), 1103-1110. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.3