E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Atta Ur Rehman, Abdul Haleem Shah, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Saifur Rehman, Muhammad Kamal Shah, Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari, Imdadullah Khan, Inamullah Malik, Andreas Berny Yulianto.


Abstract
Background:
Mycoplasma synoviae is an important poultry pathogen causing heavy economic losses Worldwide. Subclinical persistence of this pathogen is the major issue to control its prevalence.
Aim:
This study aimed to determine the molecular and cross immunogenicity of Mycoplasma synoviae among broiler in five Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Methods:
This study was conducted by collecting 434 specimen samples from 40 broiler farms and desi poultry in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Specimen samples from the broiler birds (n=150), broiler farm environment (n= 264) and desi poultry birds (n=20) were aseptically collected and serially passaged in Modified Frey’s broth. The homologous and heterologous antibody reactions were studied in rabbits. Prior to inoculation into rabbits the MS isolates were inactivated by formalin and adjuvanted with Montanide.
Results:
The overall turbidity prevalence in Frey’s broth was observed as 109/434 (25.11%) samples and these turbidity positive samples were shifted on Frey’s agar. After the appearance of classic fried egg colonies, the Biochemical confirmation was supported by production of Catalase and Phosphatase, reduction of Tetrazolium, Film and spot Assay and fermentation of Glucose for specie differentiation in avian mycoplasma. The MS prevalence percentage was recorded as 2% (9/434) through biochemical tests. The PCR results showed 0.5% MS prevalence with two field isolates (named as MS-1 and MS-2). Both MS-1 and MS-2 field isolates showed similar value (42.2) of homologous GMT titers. While the heterologous GMT for MS-1 serum against MS-2 isolate was lower (27.9) as compared to MS-2 serum against MS1 isolate (38.9). No titer was detected in control group (Group-III).
Conclusion:
In conclusion the results indicated the existence of MS in broiler birds and high homologous titers recorded between fields isolates which is a perpetual menace to poultry.

Key words: Mycoplasma synoviae, PCR characterization, Homologous and heterologous antigenic responses


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rehman AU, Shah AH, Rahman SU, Rehman S, Shah MK, Lokapirnasari WP, Khan I, Malik I, Yulianto AB. Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(10): 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9


Web Style

Rehman AU, Shah AH, Rahman SU, Rehman S, Shah MK, Lokapirnasari WP, Khan I, Malik I, Yulianto AB. Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=161053 [Access: February 12, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rehman AU, Shah AH, Rahman SU, Rehman S, Shah MK, Lokapirnasari WP, Khan I, Malik I, Yulianto AB. Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(10): 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rehman AU, Shah AH, Rahman SU, Rehman S, Shah MK, Lokapirnasari WP, Khan I, Malik I, Yulianto AB. Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited February 12, 2024]; 13(10): 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9



Harvard Style

Rehman, A. U., Shah, . A. H., Rahman, . S. U., Rehman, . S., Shah, . M. K., Lokapirnasari, . W. P., Khan, . I., Malik, . I. & Yulianto, . A. B. (2023) Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Open Vet J, 13 (10), 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9



Turabian Style

Rehman, Atta Ur, Abdul Haleem Shah, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Saifur Rehman, Muhammad Kamal Shah, Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari, Imdadullah Khan, Inamullah Malik, and Andreas Berny Yulianto. 2023. Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (10), 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9



Chicago Style

Rehman, Atta Ur, Abdul Haleem Shah, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Saifur Rehman, Muhammad Kamal Shah, Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari, Imdadullah Khan, Inamullah Malik, and Andreas Berny Yulianto. "Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rehman, Atta Ur, Abdul Haleem Shah, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Saifur Rehman, Muhammad Kamal Shah, Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari, Imdadullah Khan, Inamullah Malik, and Andreas Berny Yulianto. "Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa." Open Veterinary Journal 13.10 (2023), 1299-1307. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rehman, A. U., Shah, . A. H., Rahman, . S. U., Rehman, . S., Shah, . M. K., Lokapirnasari, . W. P., Khan, . I., Malik, . I. & Yulianto, . A. B. (2023) Molecular identification and cross immunogenic study on two field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (10), 1299-1307. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i10.9