E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
15 / 08 / 2020



Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market

Hanan L. Eshamah, Hesham T. Naas, Aboubaker M. Garbaj, Salah M. Azwai, Fatim T. Gammoudi, Ilaria L. Barbieri, Ibrahim M. Eldaghayes.


Cited By:11

Abstract
To determine the extent of microbiological contamination of whole muscle meat, meat products and seafood, 731 samples of retail meat were collected from different stores in four cities in Libya. Samples were analyzed for aerobic plate count (APC), and subjected to microbiological enumeration and isolation techniques, followed by molecular identification by PCR and partially sequencing of 16S rDNA. The results showed contamination of samples with enteric and spoilage bacteria. Fifteen genera of spoilage bacteria yielded 149 isolates were detected and identified by PCR and partially sequencing of 16S rDNA as: Proteus spp., Provedencia spp., Raouttella ornithinolytical, Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp., Morganella morgi, Shewanella algea, Rhodobacter capsulatus, Listonella pelagia, Kluyvera spp., Pectobacterium spp., Brenneria spp., Klebsiella spp., Acintobacter radioresistens, and Pantoea spp. While for pathogenic bacteria, 143 isolates distributed among nine genera were identified by PCR and partially sequencing of 16S rDNA as: Bacillus spp., Escherichia spp., Shigella spp., Enterococci spp., Cronobacter spp., Staphylococci spp., Salmonella spp., Aeromonas spp., and Vibrio spp.. Many isolated bacteria are zoonotic bacteria with high importance for public health. Excessive handling and processing of meat and meat products seems to be one of the poorest microbiological quality. These findings ought to be helpful in risk assessments and quality assurance of meat that are directed at the identification of actions that should improve food safety.

Key words: Enteric/Pathogenic bacteria, Libya, Meat products, Spoilage bacteria, Whole Muscle meat


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Eshamah HL, Naas HT, Garbaj AM, Azwai SM, Gammoudi FT, Barbieri IL, Eldaghayes IM, . Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(3): 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6


Web Style

Eshamah HL, Naas HT, Garbaj AM, Azwai SM, Gammoudi FT, Barbieri IL, Eldaghayes IM, . Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=124850 [Access: February 28, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Eshamah HL, Naas HT, Garbaj AM, Azwai SM, Gammoudi FT, Barbieri IL, Eldaghayes IM, . Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(3): 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Eshamah HL, Naas HT, Garbaj AM, Azwai SM, Gammoudi FT, Barbieri IL, Eldaghayes IM, . Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. Open Vet J. (2020), [cited February 28, 2024]; 10(3): 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6



Harvard Style

Eshamah, H. L., Naas, H. T., Garbaj, A. M., Azwai, S. M., Gammoudi, F. T., Barbieri, I. L., Eldaghayes, I. M. & (2020) Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. Open Vet J, 10 (3), 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6



Turabian Style

Eshamah, Hanan L., Hesham T. Naas, Aboubaker M. Garbaj, Salah M. Azwai, Fatim T. Gammoudi, Ilaria L. Barbieri, Ibrahim M. Eldaghayes, and . 2020. Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (3), 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6



Chicago Style

Eshamah, Hanan L., Hesham T. Naas, Aboubaker M. Garbaj, Salah M. Azwai, Fatim T. Gammoudi, Ilaria L. Barbieri, Ibrahim M. Eldaghayes, and . "Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market." Open Veterinary Journal 10 (2020), 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Eshamah, Hanan L., Hesham T. Naas, Aboubaker M. Garbaj, Salah M. Azwai, Fatim T. Gammoudi, Ilaria L. Barbieri, Ibrahim M. Eldaghayes, and . "Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market." Open Veterinary Journal 10.3 (2020), 276-288. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Eshamah, H. L., Naas, H. T., Garbaj, A. M., Azwai, S. M., Gammoudi, F. T., Barbieri, I. L., Eldaghayes, I. M. & (2020) Extent of Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms in Whole Muscle Meat, Meat Products and Seafood sold in Libyan market. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (3), 276-288. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.6