E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya

Abdulatif A. Asheg, Mohamed F. Otman, Imad A. Benlashehr, El-forjani Kraim, Rabia A. Almashri, abdulwahab M. Kammon.

Abstract
Background:
Salmonella is a leading cause of severe economic losses in poultry and foodborne illness in humans worldwide.
Aim:
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and multidrug resistance of Salmonella Enteritidis in several chicken abattoirs in Tripoli, Libya. The study includes the South, East, and West regions of Tripoli.
Methods:
Each region was assigned five slaughterhouses. Each chicken slaughterhouse was visited three times to collect samples. Five samples were taken at random from the neck skin, crop, and spleen. The total number of samples collected from all regions was 675. Bacterial isolation and identification, as well as antibiotic sensitivity testing, were performed on these samples.
Results:
Salmonella spp. was found to be 15% prevalent, and Salmonella Enteritidis was found to be 7% prevalent. The south region of Tripoli had the highest Salmonella Enteritidis (9%), while the west region had the highest Salmonella spp (22%). Salmonella prevalence increased significantly (P<0.01) higher in the spleen (13%) as compared with the crop (5 %) and neck (7 %). Based on bacterial resistance pattern, Salmonella spp isolated from the spleen had the highest MAR index of 0.86 in the south region followed by MAR indexes of 0.8 and 0.46 in the West and East, respectively.
Conclusion:
Isolation of Salmonella from the spleen may indicate chickens' systemic infection and failure to control the most important microbe for public health. Thus, the control measures have to be revised and a national Salmonella control program should be put in place urgently.

Key words: Salmonella spp., Salmonella Enteritidis, Slaughterhouses, Broiler, Tripoli


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Asheg AA, Otman MF, Benlashehr IA, Kraim E, Almashri RA, Kammon aM. Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(5): 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17


Web Style

Asheg AA, Otman MF, Benlashehr IA, Kraim E, Almashri RA, Kammon aM. Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=144111 [Access: September 11, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Asheg AA, Otman MF, Benlashehr IA, Kraim E, Almashri RA, Kammon aM. Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(5): 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Asheg AA, Otman MF, Benlashehr IA, Kraim E, Almashri RA, Kammon aM. Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited September 11, 2023]; 13(5): 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17



Harvard Style

Asheg, A. A., Otman, . M. F., Benlashehr, . I. A., Kraim, . E., Almashri, . R. A. & Kammon, . a. M. (2023) Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J, 13 (5), 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17



Turabian Style

Asheg, Abdulatif A., Mohamed F. Otman, Imad A. Benlashehr, El-forjani Kraim, Rabia A. Almashri, and abdulwahab M. Kammon. 2023. Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (5), 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17



Chicago Style

Asheg, Abdulatif A., Mohamed F. Otman, Imad A. Benlashehr, El-forjani Kraim, Rabia A. Almashri, and abdulwahab M. Kammon. "Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Asheg, Abdulatif A., Mohamed F. Otman, Imad A. Benlashehr, El-forjani Kraim, Rabia A. Almashri, and abdulwahab M. Kammon. "Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 13.5 (2023), 638-644. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Asheg, A. A., Otman, . M. F., Benlashehr, . I. A., Kraim, . E., Almashri, . R. A. & Kammon, . a. M. (2023) Prevalence of Salmonella in poultry slaughterhouses located in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (5), 638-644. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i5.17