Kamrul Ahmed Khan(1,2), Md. Alimul Islam(1), Abdullah Al Momen Sabuj(1), Md. Abul Bashar(1), Md. Saiful Islam(1), Md. Golzar Hossain(1), Muhammed Tofazzal Hossain(1) and Sukumar Saha(1*)
1- Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
2- Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Background: Duck viral enteritis, commonly known as duck plague (DP), is an acute and contagious fatal disease in ducks, geese, and swan caused by the DP virus (DPV). It poses a serious threat to the growth of duck farming in the haor (wetland) areas of Bangladesh.
Aim: This study aimed to detect circulating DPV by molecular characterization, followed by phylogenetic analysis, targeting the UL30 gene in infected ducks from five haor districts in Bangladesh and to observe the variation in the genome sequence between the field virus and vaccine strain of DPV.
Methods: A total of 150 samples (liver, 50; intestine, 50; and oropharyngeal tissue, 50) were collected from DP-suspected sick/dead ducks from 50 affected farms in Kishoreganj, Netrokona, B. Baria, Habiganj, and Sunamganj districts of Bangladesh. For the identification of DPV in collected samples, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was utilized. Nucleotide sequences of the amplified UL30 gene were compared with those of other DPV strains available in GenBank.
Results: Of the 150 samples, 90 (60%) were found to be positive for DPV, as confirmed by PCR. Organ-wise prevalence was higher in the liver (72%), followed by the intestine (64%) and oropharyngeal tissue (44%). Regarding areas, the highest and lowest prevalence in the liver and intestine was observed in Habiganj and B. Baria, respectively, whereas the highest and lowest prevalence in the oropharyngeal tissue was observed in B. Baria and Habiganj, respectively. Two isolates, BAU/KA/DPV(B1)/2014 from Kishoreganj and BAU/KA/DPV(B4)/2014 from Sunamganj, were sequenced, and phylogenetic analysis revealed that these isolates are evolutionarily closely related to Chinese isolates of DPV. Additionally, the isolates of DPV BAU/KA/DPV(B1)/2014 and BAU/KA/DPV(B4)/2014 showed the highest (98%) similarity with each other. The nucleotide sequence of the isolate BAU/KA/DPV(B1)/2014 exhibited higher nucleotide variability (264 nucleotides) than that of the vaccine strain (accession no. EU082088), which may affect protein function and additional drug sensitivity.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the molecular study, it can be assumed that the Bangladeshi isolates and all Chinese isolates of DPV may have a common ancestry.
Keywords: Duck plague virus, Polymerase chain reaction, Duck embryo, Nucleotide sequence.
Cite this paper:
Khan, K.A., Islam, M.A., Sabuj, A.A., Bashar, M.A., Islam, M.S., Hossain, M.G., Hossain, M.T. and Saha, S. 2021. Molecular characterization
of duck plague virus from
selected Haor areas of Bangladesh. Open Vet. J. 11(1), 42-51.