Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Original Research"

Caseous lymphadenitis outbreak in a small ruminant herd

Angela Burmayan and Cord M. Brundage*

California State Polytechnic University, 3801 West Temple Avenue, Pomona, CA 91768, USA


Background: Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a chronic disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis that affects small ruminants worldwide.

Aim: The objective of this case report is to describe an outbreak of CLA that occurred at the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona in the summer of 2019 and the management strategies employed there to contain spread.

Methods: After careful physical screening, blood serum samples from the entire herd (n = 218 sheep, n = 32 goats) were tested using the synergistic hemolysis inhibition (SHI) test to reveal antibodies present.

Results: Animals with titer counts above 1:64 and or containing CLA lesions were isolated and culled (n = 33 sheep, n = 4 goats) within two weeks of testing. Female sheep (n = 160) had higher titer counts and were culled at a much higher rate than male sheep (n = 58) (20 % vs. 1.72 %), whereas male goats (n = 9) more often had high titer counts and were culled as opposed to female goats (n = 23) (33.33 % vs. 4.35 %).

Conclusion: Vaccines were administered to the remainder of the herd following culling. Additional management strategies were employed, the outcome of which was a zero recurrence through August 2021.

Keywords: Caseous lymphadenitis, Small ruminants, Sheep, Goats, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis.

Cite this paper:
Burmayan, A. and Brundage, C.M. 2021. Caseous lymphadenitis outbreak in a small ruminant herd. Open Vet. J. 11(4), 530-534.