Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Case Report"

Use of a pleural access port for the treatment of pyothorax in a cat


Angel Almendros


Veterinary Medical Centre, City University of Hong Kong, 339 Lai Chi Kok Road, Hong Kong SAR, China

Abstract

Background: Pyothorax in cats is treated with intravenous fluids, antibiotics and while thoracotomy and debridement are less commonly necessary, thoracostomy tubes are the treatment of choice when repeated drainage of the pleural cavity is needed.

Case Description: An 11-month-old British short-haired cat was presented for a sudden onset of lethargy, dyspnoea, and tachypnoea following an ovariohysterectomy 10 days prior the treatment process. Pyrexia and muffled cardiac sounds on the left hemithorax were noted. A haemogram indicated the development of anaemia and neutrophilia with a left shift. Radiography and ultrasonography confirmed a pleural effusion, and a CT scan ruled out the presence of any masses or perforating foreign bodies. A PCR on the pleural effusion ruled out Feline Coronavirus infection, and fluid analysis was confirmed as a septic exudate with Pasteurella multocida infection. A pleural access port was used to treat the pyothorax that successfully reduced hospitalisation time and lowered overall financial outlay despite surgical implantation.

Conclusion: The present report describes the successful use of a pleural port to treat pyothorax in one cat. This is the first time such a device has been reported for the treatment of pyothorax.

Keywords: Pleural effusion, Pleural port, Pyothorax, Thoracocentesis, Thoracostomy tubes.

Cite this paper:
Almendros, A. 2021. Use of a pleural access port for the treatment of pyothorax in a cat. Open Vet. J. 11(2), 283-288.