Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

Encephalomyocarditis virus in a captive Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus)


Francis Vercammen(1,*), Leslie Bosseler(2), Marylène Tignon(3) and Ann Brigitte Cay(3)


1 Centre for Research and Conservation, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp, K. Astridplein 26, B-2018 Antwerp, Belgium

2 Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ghent, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium

3 Department of Virology, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, Groeselenberg 99, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium



A 5-month-old female captive Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus) died suddenly without preceding symptoms. Gross necropsy revealed numerous white circular and linear foci in the myocard. Differential diagnosis all turned out negative, except for encephalomyocarditis virus. Histopathology revealed mineralisation of myocardial cells and interstitial infiltration of lymphocytes, plasma cells and less neutrophils. Encephalomyocarditis virus was detected by PCR. Although encephalomyocarditis virus occurs in many mammals, this is the first published description of this virus in a Malayan tapir.

Keywords: Encephalomyocarditis virus, Malayan tapir, Myocard, Tapirus indicus.

Cite this paper:
Vercammen, F., Bosseler, L., Tignon, M. and Cay, A.B. 2017. Encephalomyocarditis virus in a captive Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus). Open Vet. J. 7(2), 100-103.