Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Short Communication"

Effects of opium inhalation on physical and biochemical parameters of stray dogs in Kabul city, Afghanistan


Mohammad Monir Tawfeeq(1*), Asadullah Hamid(2), Jahid Zabuli(1), Sayed Abdul Jalil Hashimi(1), Mohammad Khalid Formuli(1), Shahpoor Rahmati(1) 

and Mohammad Bayer Darmal(3)


1- Department of Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Kabul University, Kabul, Afghanistan

2- Department of Preclinic, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Kabul University, Kabul, Afghanistan

3- Department of Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Nangarhar University, Nangarhar, Afghanistan

Abstract

Background: Afghanistan is one of the biggest opium producing country in the world. There are more than a million drug addicts in the country, which most of them are living in public places. Stray dogs who lives with drug addicts are at highest risk of inhaling drugs

Aim: Aim of this study is to evaluate changes in physical and biochemical parameters of stray dogs inhaling drugs.

Methods: Total of 12 dogs were assigned into two groups of healthy and infected (stray dogs who inhale drugs) dogs. Physical and biochemical parameters of both groups were evaluated.

Results: Subjective evaluation showed clinical changes such as congestion of conjunctiva in infected group. Biochemical examination showed significantly higher level of glucose (P<0.05) and total protein (P<0.01) in infected group compared to healthy group. The ratio of other biochemical parameters was slightly decreased as compare to healthy dogs.

Conclusion: Drug inhalation can alter biochemical parameters like glucose and total protein in dogs.

Keywords: Addicts, Biochemical parameters, Opium, Physical parameters, Stray dogs.

Cite this paper:
Tawfeeq, M.M., Hamid, A., Zabuli, J., Hashimi, S.A.J., Formuli, M.K., Rahmati, S. and Darmal, M.B. 2022. Effects of opium inhalation on physical and biochemical parameters of stray dogs in Kabul city, Afghanistan. Open Vet. J. 12(4), 426-429.