Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Case Report"

Orbital compartment syndrome resulting in unilateral blindness in two dogs


Aurélie Sauvage(1,*), Géraldine Bolen(2), Sébastien Monclin(1) and Magda Grauwels(1)


Department of Clinical Sciences, Companion and Equine Animals, Ophthalmology, University of Liège, Quartier Vallée 2, Avenue de Cureghem 3, 4000 Liège, Belgium

Department of Clinical Sciences, Companion and Equine Animals, Diagnostic Imaging, University of Liège, Quartier Vallée 2, Avenue de Cureghem 3, 4000 Liège, Belgium

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Abstract

Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is described in humans as an acute rise in intraorbital pressure following a severe and rapidly evolving orbital affection. It includes orbital oedema, haemorrhage or infection causing a marked reduction in local blood perfusion, and severely affecting the orbital neurovascular structures. If not promptly recognised and treated, it results in irreversible blindness. It is one of the rare ophthalmic surgical emergencies, requiring lateral canthotomy and cantholysis. This case report describes two canine cases of complex orbital, periorbital and facial abscesses resulting in OCS and permanent unilateral blindness diagnosed by ultrasonography, computed tomography and electroretinography.

Keywords: Dog, Globe tenting, Orbital abscess, Orbital compartment syndrome, Unilateral blindness.

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Cite this paper:

Sauvage, A., Bolen, G., Monclin, S. and Grauwels, M. 2018. Orbital compartment syndrome resulting in unilateral blindness in two dogs. Open Vet. J. 8(4), 445-451.