Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Original Article"

Investigation of leakage holes created by four needle types used for closure of canine enterotomies


Konstantinos Mitsou(1), Lysimachos G. Papazoglou(1,*), Ioannis Savvas(1) and Emmanouil Tzimtzimis(2)


Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece

Vale Referrals, Stinchcombe, Dursley, Gloucestershire, UK

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Abstract

The creation of leakage holes in the intestinal wall by four types of swaged-on needles used to close enterotomy incisions in canine cadavers was studied. Twenty-four enterotomies were performed in 10 cm jejunal sections obtained from five dogs following euthanasia. After placement of Doyen intestinal forceps to the ends of each section, a 3 cm antimesenteric incision was performed and closed using 4-0 polydioxanone suture armed in a swaged-on needle in a simple interrupted pattern. One group served as control, with no enterotomies performed. The four groups that we used consisted of six sections each: group CC was closed with a polydioxanone suture armed in a conventional cutting needle, group RC was closed with a reversed cutting needle, group TPP was closed with a taper point plus needle, and group TC was closed with a taper cutting needle. Leak testing was performed by infusion of 13.5 mL methylene blue solution into the intestinal lumen. Significant differences between leakage and non-leakage sections of group CC were detected (P=.027). No statistical differences were detected among other groups. Conventional cutting needles seem to create leaking holes in cadaveric healthy jejunum during needle passage for closing an enterotomy incision.

Keywords: Dog, Enterotomy, Leakage, Needle holes, Surgical needles.

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Cite this paper:
Mitsou, K., Papazoglou, L.G., Savvas, I. and Tzimtzimis, E. 2018. Investigation of leakage holes created by four needle types used for closure of canine enterotomies. Open  Vet. J. 8(4), 411-414.