Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Case Report"

Unilateral phacoemulsification in a captive African elephant (Loxodonta africana)


Katherine E.L. Manchip(1,*), Ghislaine Sayers(2), John C.M. Lewis(3) and James W. Carter(4)


1- South Devon Veterinary Hospital, The Old Cider Works, Abbotskerswell, Devon TQ12 5GH, UK

2- Paignton Zoo Environmental Park, Totnes Road, Paignton, Devon TQ4 7EU, UK

3- International Zoo Veterinary Group, Station House, Parkwood Street, Keighley, West Yorkshire, BD21 4NQ, UK

4- South Devon Veterinary Hospital, The Old Cider Works, Abbotskerswell, Devon TQ12 5GH, UK

Abstract

Background: The following case reports describes the clinical presentation, surgical protocol, post-operative care and long-term follow up of an African elephant (Loxodonta Africana) presenting with a unilateral cataract.

Case description: A 42-year-old female African elephant presented for assessment of ocular discomfort and visual deterioration in the left eye. Pre-surgical treatment included topical anti-inflammatory medication for twenty days prior to surgery. On the day of surgery, following anaesthetic induction, a two-handed phacoemulsification technique was performed in the left eye. She was left aphakic post-operatively. Nine days post-operatively the patient had an intact menace response, dazzle reflex and direct pupillary light reflex. Fundoscopy at that stage was unremarkable. Follow up information was available for 5 years, from the time of surgery to the present day.

Conclusion: Despite remaining aphakic, this case presents a successful visual outcome. To the author’s knowledge, there is no other published report of phacoemulsification in a captive elephant.

Keywords: African elephant, cataract, Loxodonta Africana, phacoemulsification.

Cite this paper:

Manchip, K.E.L., Sayers, G., Lewis, J.C.M. and Carter, J.W. 2019. Unilateral phacoemulsification in a captive African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Open Vet. J. 9(4), 294-300.