Asim Faraz(1), Naeem Ullah Khan(2), Ayman Balla Mustafa(3*), Muhammad Younas(2), Muhammad Yaqoob(2), Muhammad Shahid Nabeel(4) and Monjid Ahmed Ibrahim(5)
1- Department of Livestock and Poultry Production, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan 60800, Pakistan
2- Institute of Dairy Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
3- Therapeutic Nutrition Department, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Misurata University, P.O. Box: 2478, Misurata, Libya
4- Camel Breeding and Research Station Rakh Mahni, Livestock & Dairy Development Department, Punjab, Pakistan
5- Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Shagra University, P.O. Box:1383, Saudi Arabia
Background: Camel is vital to daily life as a source of food and means of transportation; and just as importantly, its milk and urine have been used as medicines for diverse ailments since ancient times for people in the desert region.
Aim: Current study was planned to investigate the effect of different watering regimes on physiological and haematological parameters of lactating Marecha camel during the summer season.
Methods: For this purpose, 12 lactating she-camels of almost similar age (8-13 years) and parity (2-5) were selected in a completely randomized design as four animals per treatment at Camel Breeding and Research Station (CBRS) Rakh Mahni District Bhakkar. The trial was completed in 60 days, while seven days were given as an acclimatization period for adaptation. The treatments were: Group-1 (G-1) considered as control having access to water once in a day; Group-2 (G-2) access to water once in four days and Group-3 (G-3) access to water once in six days. Animals were housed individually for feeding and watering in an intensive management system (IMS). The same feed consisting of green fodder (Lucerne) and gram straw (Cicer arientinum) was offered to all animals. Average ambient temperature and relative humidities were 39-41°C and 55-63%, respectively.
Result: The mean values (P<0.001) of water intake were found to be 82.94±1.34 litres in G-3, higher than G-1 and G-2. Blood analysis showed that packed cell volume (PCV), white blood cells (WBCs), and haemoglobin (Hb) were affected significantly (P<0.001), (P<0.01), and (P<0.05) respectively.
Conclusion: No serious changes in complete blood count and physiological parameters were reported in this study. So, this shows that the camel is unique in its physiological adaptation in hot and hostile environments.Keywords: Camel, Summer Season, Haematology, Management System, Desert.
Cite this paper:
Faraz, A., Khan, N.U., Mustafa, A.B., Younas, M., Yaqoob, M., Nabeel, M.S. and Ibrahim, M.A. 2021. Impact of various watering regimes on
physiological and haematological parameters in intensively kept Marecha (Camelus
dromedarius) she-camels in summer season. Open Vet. J. 11(2), 180-187.