Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Original Research"

Histological study on the heart ventricle of Egyptian bovines (Bos aegyptiacus)

Mahmoud Abdelghaffar Emam(1,*) and Badia Abugherin(2)

1- Histology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Egypt

2- Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya


Background: The heart ventricles have thicker walls than atrium as they pump blood through blood vessels into all body organs.

Aim: This study aimed to describe the histological changes of the heart ventricles in Egyptian bovine (Bos aegyptiacus) with special reference to Purkinje fibers.

Methods: A total of ten male Egyptian bovines of 1-10 years old were divided into three groups according to age; immature, mature and adult animals.

Results: The histological sections from all examined animals’ groups revealed three different layers of the wall of both right and left ventricles; endocardium, myocardium and epicardium. The endocardium was lined with endothelium and filled with fibrous connective tissue. The endocardium of adult bovine was the thickest. Purkinje fibers appeared of pale cytoplasm with few myofibrils. They were present in the deep layer of endocardium and in the myocardium. The size of Purkinje fibers and the amount of their myofibrils appeared to be increased with advanced age. Bundles of cardiac muscles were the main constituent of the myocardium. The myocardial bundles were separated by fine connective tissue in immature animals that showed an increased amount in the adult animals. The hypereosiophilic cardiac muscle cells were observed in the ventricles of both mature and adult animals suggesting hypercontraction during rigor mortis. An external layer of the ventricles was the epicardium which consisted of connective tissue and covered with mesothelium.

Conclusion: Overall, this study revealed histological changes in the wall of the ventricle and Purkinje fibers of Egyptian bovines (Bos aegyptiacus) in relation to age. Additionally, the hypereosionophilia of the cardiac muscle cells was recorded in the ventricles of mature and adult bovines.

Keywords: Bovine, Heart, Histology, Purkinje fiber, Ventricle.

Cite this paper:

Emam, M.A. and Abugherin, B. 2019. Histological study on the heart ventricle of Egyptian bovines (Bos aegyptiacus). Open Vet. J. 9(4), 281-286.