Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Case Report"

Surgical management of a brain abscess due to plant foreign body in a dog


Ana Cloquell(1) and Isidro Mateo(1,2*)


1- Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Alfonso X el Sabio University, Avda. de la Universidad s/n. 28691, Villanueva de la CaƱada, Madrid, Spain

2- VETSIA Veterinary Hospital. C/ Galileo 3, 28914, Leganes, Madrid, Spain

Abstract

Background: Intracranial abscesses as a result of grass awn migration have been rarely described in the veterinary literature. The identification of their radiological features is mandatory for proper diagnosis. As occurs with abscesses in other organs, surgical drainage and directed antibiotic therapy should be considered the treatment of choice.
Case Description: A clinical case of a Great Dane dog with forebrain signs and magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings compatible with intracranial abscess associated with inflammatory changes in orbital musculature is described. An exploratory rostro-tentorial craniotomy with durotomy was performed, allowing the drainage of purulent content and the extraction of a plant foreign body from the cerebral parenchyma. Antibiotic treatment was instituted and the patient was discharged without recurrence of neurological deficits other than quarterly seizures. Six months later, revision magnetic resonance was performed revealing resolution of the intracranial lesion and the normalization of the extracranial tissues. 
Conclusion: This is the first case in veterinary literature in which a grass awn has been surgically extracted from the brain of a dog with long-term outcome described. Observed changes in the extracranial musculature were fundamental to establish pre-surgical diagnosis of a migratory foreign body.

Keywords: Brain abscess, Plant foreign body, Rostro-tentorial craniectomy.

Cite this paper:

Cloquell, A. and Mateo, I. 2019. Surgical management of a brain abscess due to plant foreign body in a dog. Open Vet. J. 9(3), 216-221.