Khalifa Ashour(1), Naglaa Abd Elkader Awad(2), Sherein S. Abdelgayed(3), Amal Zakaria Ahmed Leil(4) and Eldessouky Sheta(2*)
1- Equine Department of Police General Security, Ministry of Interior, Tripoli, Libya
2- Department of Surgery, Anaesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
3- Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
4- Department of Field Investigation, Animal Reproduction Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center (ARC), Giza, Egypt
Background: The objective of the study to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture during laparotomy in goats.
Aim: To study the abdominal anaesthesia in goats by electroacupuncture using the physiological variables, vital parameters, haematological, biochemical, cortisol hormone, pain threshold and wound healing for laparotomy in goats.
Methods: Fifteen healthy adult bucks were used to receive electroacupuncture in 10 newly selected acupoints. The data (M±SD) were assessed at intervals (0 min.) before induction (control group), (5 min.), (10 min.), (15 min.) and (20 min.) during induction, (30 min.), (45 min.) and (60 min.) throughout surgery and (24 hrs.) after surgery, cortisol levels in serum at (0), (24 hrs.), and (72 hrs.) throughout laparotomy.
Results: The goats of the study showed improvement in the rates of eyelid closure, head, and neck relaxation, rumen motility, and tympany which were graded into mild (+), moderate (++), and severe (+++) degrees. The respiratory rates, body temperatures, and capillary fill times were not significantly different. The total mean of hematocrit was (19.9±2.68), the total mean of hemoglobin was (9.9±0.94), the total mean of RBCs was (7.9±0.8), the total mean of platelets was (244861.3±138444.8) and the total mean of SPO2 was (70.5±4.6). ALT and AST showed no significance. The significant mean cortisol level was (2.6±2.01) and the significant mean pain threshold level was (0.02±0.03). The results proved that electroacupuncture had a lot of significant parameters. The wound healing was improved by early epithelization and immature granulation tissue (at 7 days). Thick keratinized epithelization and collagen deposition in the dermal tissue with enhanced angiogenesis (at 14 days). Mild restoration of skin and the dermal tissue was well-organized (at 21 days). Besides, well-formed scar tissue covering a highly cellular organized dermal tissue (at 28 days).
Conclusions: Electroacupuncture had been considered a powerful anaesthetic for abdominal surgery in goats. Moreover, wound healing proved excellent and better healing.
Keywords: Acupuncture, Anaesthesia, Electroacupuncture, Goat, Laparotomy.