Open Veterinary Journal

Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Original Research"

Isolation and identification of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides in cattle from south-east Nigeria


Kingsley C. Anyika(1*), Solomon O. Okaiyeto(2), Anthony K.B. Sackey(3), Clara N. Kwanashie(4), Pam D. Luka(5) and Paul I. Ankeli(6)


1- Livestock Investigation Division, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Nigeria

2- Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

3- Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

4- Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

5- Molecular Biotechnology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Nigeria

6- Bacterial Vaccine Production Division, National Veterinary Reseasrch Institute Vom, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is the causative organism of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP). It is a trans-boundary disease (TAD) and an endemic in Nigeria having caused serious financial loss for the country’s economy.

Aim: This study was undertaken to isolate and confirm the presence of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) in cattle, from three selected South-Eastern states of Nigeria.

Method: A total of Ninety (90) bovine samples (25 pleural fluids and 65 lung tissues) suggestive of CBPP were collected from different abattoirs in the three selected South-eastern states of Nigeria (Anambra, Enugu and Imo), for the isolation of Mmm by employing cultural method, whereas for confirmation Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) approach was used. The collected samples were cultured on Pleuropneumonia like organism (PPLO) agar according to specific protocols.

Results: Twenty five (25) of the samples (lungs and pleural fluid) were positive for Mmm on PPLO agar giving an isolation rate of 27.7%. Only twenty one (21) of the isolates were further confirmed using PCR. The PCR amplification of the isolates produced a product of 1.1kbp which is specific for Mmm. No positive isolates were recovered from Imo state.

Conclusion: This study confirms the presence of Mmm as the causative organism of CBPP in Southeast Nigeria. It is recommended that active surveillance and vaccination protocol should be undertaken in the region for the control and prevention of this disease.

Keywords: Cattle; CBPP; Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides; Polymerase chain reaction.

Cite this paper:

Anyika, K.C., Okaiyeto, S.O., Sackey, A.K.B., Kwanashie, C.N., Luka, P.D. and Ankeli, P.I. 2021. Isolation and identification of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides in cattle from south-east Nigeria. Open Vet. J. 11(1), 174-179.