Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal

 

Reproductive health status of north western Himalayan Gaddi sheep: An abattoir study

A. Sharma*, P. Kumar, M. Singh and N.K. Vasishta

Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Palampur, India

___________________________________________________________________________

Abstract

The study was aimed to provide basic information regarding reproductive status of Gaddi sheep reared by nomadic tribe of Himachal Pradesh. Female genitalia of Gaddi sheep (n=190) were collected from unorganized abattoirs around Palampur over a period of one and half years. Out of total genitalia examined, 80.53% were grossly normal and 19.47% had one or more genital abnormalities. Genital abnormalities were categorized as ovarian (5.26%), uterine (10.53%) and miscellaneous (3.68%). Amongst ovarian abnormalities are follicular cysts (3.16%) and ovaro-bursal adhesions (2.10%), which were recorded in Gaddi ewes. Uterine abnormalities include hydrometra (4.74%), pyometra (2.63%), mucometra (2.10%), endometritis (0.53%) and mummification (0.53%). Miscellaneous abnormalities include parovarian cysts (2.10%), parasitic cysts (1.05%) and nodules on both uterine horns (0.53%). Among the genital abnormalities in sheep, highest incidence (24.32%) was observed with hydrometra and lowest (2.7%) with each of endometritis, mummification and nodular growth on both uterine horns. Thus the uterus (54.07%) was most commonly affected, followed by the ovary (27.02%) and miscellaneous (18.91%) in ewes. In present study, 8.95% pregnant sheep were also slaughtered, with fetal age in majority of cases two months or less on the basis of CRL measurement which represents a huge economic loss.

Key words:  Abattoir, Gaddi sheep, Genital abnormalities, Reproductive health status.

___________________________________________________________________________

Cite this paper:

Sharma, A., Kumar, P., Singh, M. and Vasishta, N.K. 2014. Reproductive health status of north western Himalayan Gaddi sheep: An abattoir study. Open Vet. J. 4(2), 103-106.