Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal

 

Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

V. Kumar1,*, A. Raj2, P. Kumar3
1Wild Life, Monkey Sterilization Centre, Distt - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh-176059, India.
2Veterinary Hospital – Deol, Distt - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh-176125, India.

V. Kumar1,*, A. Raj2, P. Kumar3

1Wild Life, Monkey Sterilization Centre, Distt - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh-176059,  India

2Veterinary Hospital – Deol, Distt - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh-176125, India

3Department of Veterinary Obstetrics and Gynaecology CSKHPKV, Palampur Himachal Pradesh -176062, India

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Abstract

The present study involved 50 adult female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatto) of age ranging between 4 to 15 years. Pregnancy diagnosis was done by using laparoscopic method. Anesthesia was achieved by using xylazine (2mg/kg) and ketamine (10mg/kg) intramuscularly. The gravid uterus was located close to the urinary bladder in early pregnancy and in abdominal cavity in the mid and late stage of pregnancy. The procedure was completed within 10 - 12 minutes. There were no complications after the surgery and recovery of animal was smooth and uneventful. The results of this study showed that laparoscopic method is also one of the methods of pregnancy diagnosis in rhesus macaques and it can be a precise and a reliable method of pregnancy diagnosis in rhesus macaques.

Keywords: Free range, Laparoscopy, Pregnancy diagnosis, Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). 

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Cite this paper:

Kumar, V., Raj, A. and Kumar, P. 2011. Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet. J. 1, 32-34.