Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal

Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla(1,2,*), Ramadan Omer Ramadan(3), Annabel Rector(4) and Seif Barakat(5)

Camel Research Centre, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Laboratory of Clinical & Epidemiological Virology, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium

Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

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Abstract

We investigated two outbreaks of papillomatosis between 2013 and 2015 in Al Ahsa region of eastern Saudi Arabia involving fourteen dromedary camels. The disease affected both young and adult animals and occurred in coincidence with demodectic mange infestation. Diagnosis was made based on gross and histopathological characteristics of the wart lesion and was confirmed by PCR. Rolling circle amplification followed by degenerate primer PCR and sequencing of the amplicons revealed the presence of both Camelus dromedarius papillomavirus types 1 and 2, previously identified in infected dromedaries in Sudan.

Keywords: Al Ahsa, Dromedary camels, Infection, Papillomavirus, Saudi Arabia.

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Cite this paper:

Khalafalla, A.I., Ramadan, R.O., Rector, A. and Barakat, S. 2017.  Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Vet. J. 7(2), 174-179.