Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal

 

Occurrence of Trichinella spp. in wild animals in northwestern Libya

M.M. Hosni1,*, A.A. El Maghrbi2 and K.S. Ganghish2

¹Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya

²Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya

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Abstract

The present study determined the occurrence of Trichinella spp. in captured and some perished wildlife animals which included 70 hedgehogs, 19 red foxes, 13 common jackals and 8 crested porcupines in northwestern Libya. Muscle samples of these animals were examined by trichinoscopy. Trichinella larvae were detected only in 4 (5.7%) of the hedgehogs (Erinaceus algirus) and 2 (10.5%) of the red foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Larvae were found in the muscles of the diaphragm, abdomen, tongue, forelimb, hindlimb and intercostal muscles. Examination of tissue sections revealed the presence of numerous cysts within the muscle fibers containing one or more coiled or elongated larvae. Inflammatory cell infiltration was observed around the cysts especially at their poles. Results indicated the importance of wild animals as reservoirs of Trichinella larvae and their role in the transmission of the disease to other wild and domestic animals as well as humans.

Keywords: Libya, Trichinella spp, Wild animals, Zoonosis.

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Cite this paper:

Hosni, M.M., El Maghrbi, A.A. and Ganghish, K.S. 2013. Occurrence of Trichinella spp. in wild animals in northwestern Libya . Open Vet. J. 3(2), 85-88.