Open Veterinary Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal 
ISSN 2218-6050 (Online), ISSN 2226-4485 (Print) 

"Original Article"

The influence of the tonometer position on canine intraocular pressure measurements using the TonovetÒ rebound tonometer


Juliana Kravetz de Oliveira(1,*), Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira(1) and David L. Williams(2)


Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná, Rua dos Funcionários, 1540, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ES UK

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the variability of readings made using the Tonovet® rebound tonometer for measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) in the peripheral cornea and in angulated positions on the canine corneal surface. Forty-six client-owned dogs admitted for ophthalmic evaluation at the Queen's Veterinary School Hospital, University of Cambridge were included in the study. IOP readings were taken at a variety of locations and using the tonometer at a number of different angles to the cornea: 1) Perpendicularly at center of the cornea (CC); 2) At the center of the cornea but with the tonometer positioned at four angles, and 3) At four different points on the peripheral cornea. All values were compared with the values recorded at the recommended CC position. IOP values were significantly underestimated in seven positions, with median and interquartile range from 12.1 ± 4 mmHg (nasal on periphery) to 15 ± 5 mmHg (laterally angled at center), varying between 0 mmHg to 2.9 mmHg from the CC value. While dorsally angled in the central cornea were not significantly different from those at CC (p = 0.09). Median values were lower for measurements in peripheral positions when compared to angled central positions. These results demonstrate that angling the tonometer or measuring in peripheral regions can result in small but statistically significant underestimation of IOP values.

Keywords: Dog, Intraocular pressure, Peripheral tonometry, Rebound tonometry.

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Cite this paper:

de Oliveira, J.K., Montiani-Ferreira, F. and Williams, D.L. 2018. The influence of the tonometer position on canine intraocular pressure measurements using the TonovetÒ rebound tonometer. Open Vet. J. 8(1), 68-76.